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Seventy-two years after two torpedoes fired from a Japanese submarine sunk cruiser USS Indianapolis (CA-35), the ship’s wreckage was found resting on the seafloor on Saturday – more than 18,000 feet below the Pacific Ocean’s surface.

Paul Allen, Microsoft co-founder and billionaire philanthropist, led a search team, assisted by historians from the Naval History and Heritage Command (NHHC) in Washington, D.C., to accomplish what past searches had failed to do – find Indianapolis, considered the last great naval tragedy of World War II.

“To be able to honor the brave men of the USS Indianapolis and their families through the discovery of a ship that played such a significant role in ending World War II is truly humbling,” said Allen in a statement provided to USNI News on Saturday.

“As Americans, we all owe a debt of gratitude to the crew for their courage, persistence and sacrifice in the face of horrendous circumstances.

While our search for the rest of the wreckage will continue, I hope everyone connected to this historic ship will feel some measure of closure at this discovery so long in coming.”

On July 30, 1945, what turned out to be the final days of World War II, Indianapolis had just completed a secret mission to the island Tinian, delivering components of the atomic bomb “Little Boy” dropped on Hiroshima which would ultimately help end the war. usni.org
A study proclaims a newly named species the heavyweight champion of all dinosaurs, making the scary Tyrannosaurus rex look like a munchkin. 

At 76 tonnes (69 metric tonnes), the plant-eating behemoth was as heavy as a space shuttle. 

The dinosaur's fossils were found in southern Argentina in 2012.

“There was one small part of the family that went crazy on size,” said Diego Pol of the Egidio Feruglio palaeontology museum in Argentina, co-author of the study published on Tuesday in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 

Six fossils of the species were studied and dated to about 100 million years ago, based on ash found around them, Pol said.

The researchers named the dinosaur Patagotitan mayorum after the Patagonia region where it was found and the Greek word titan, which means large. independent.co.uk
Archaeologists at Cambodia's celebrated Angkor Wat temple complex have unearthed a large statue believed to date back to the late 12th century.

The 2m (6.5ft) sandstone human figure probably functioned as a guardian who stood at the entrance to an ancient hospital, researchers say.

The Cambodia Daily described Saturday's find as "like something that only happens in the movies".

Angkor Wat is one of south-east Asia's most popular tourist destinations.

Experts say that is why the latest find is so extraordinary.

It is described as the most important statue to have been found at Angkor in recent years. bbc.com
The remains of Salvador Dalí were exhumed on Thursday evening, almost three decades after his death, to help settle a long-running paternity claim from a 61-year-old fortune-teller who insists she is the Spanish artist’s only child.

Dalí, who died in 1989, is buried in a crypt beneath the museum he designed for himself in his home town of Figueres, Catalonia.

Once the last visitors of the day had left the building, the 1.5-tonne stone slab that rests above his grave was lifted so that experts could get to his body to take DNA samples from his bones and teeth.

“The biological specimens have been taken from Salvador Dali’s remains,” Catalonia’s high court said in a statement before midnight local time.

To guard the privacy of the enigmatic artist, awnings were put up around the museum to stop drones recording the exhumation.

The DNA recovered from the remains will then be taken to Madrid and compared with samples from Pilar Abel, who claims to be the result of a liaison her mother had with Dalí in 1955. theguardian.com
A newly unearthed picture from the US national archives has given new credence to a popular theory about the disappearance of pioneering aviator Amelia Earhart.

Some experts say the image shows the pilot, her navigator Fred Noonan and her airplane in the Marshall Islands in 1937, when the archipelago was occupied by Japan – proving that she died in Japanese custody, rather than during a crash landing in the Pacific.

Kent Gibson, a forensic analyst who specializes in facial recognition, told the History Channel that it was “very likely” the individuals pictured are Earhart and Noonan, in a programme on the Earhart mystery scheduled to air this Sunday.

Not everyone is so convinced, however.

“There is such an appetite for anything related to Amelia Earhart that even something this ridiculous will get everybody talking about it,” said Ric Gillespie, author of Finding Amelia and the executive director of the The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (Tighar).

Japanese officials have stated on more than one occasion that they have no records of Earhart or Noonan ever having been in their custody, but many of the nation’s records did not survive the second world war. theguardian.com
An Aztec tower made up of at least 676 human skulls has been unearthed in the depths of Mexico City.

While the Aztecs were hardly known as the “shy and retiring” types when it came to war and death, this discovery is leading archaeologists to believe this ancient culture was even more brutal than previously assumed.

Within this well-known archaeological treasure chest, they recently found hundreds of skulls and thousands of fragments of bone molded into a limestone cylinder, Reuters news agency reports.

"We were expecting just men, obviously young men, as warriors would be, and the thing about the women and children is that you'd think they wouldn't be going to war," Rodrigo Bolanos, a biological anthropologist, told Reuters.

The excavation, which started in 2015, is still ongoing and continually pumping out fascinating finds.

Just last month, archaeologists working on the site also discovered an area containing an ancient Aztec temple, a ball court, and a potential sacrificial area. iflscience.com
Digital artist Lothlenan is transforming classical paintings into the ultimate fan fantasies by placing favorite anime, cartoon, and video game characters into these elaborate scenes.

Revamping iconic artwork from the 18th and 19th centuries, Lothlenan cleverly inserts these contemporary figures, all while keeping the style of the original painting.

From Monet's loose brushstrokes to the painstaking detail of Fragonard's Rococo foliage, no detail is spared.

In fact, Lothlenan's work isn't only an exercise in fandom art, but also how to capture different artistic styles digitally.

“This was a nice exercise in mark making and trying to salvage texture in a digital painting,” the artist writes of working from a Monet painting.

“And yes, I fell into the trap of thinking impressionism would be simple… but found out it was more than I bargained for.” mymodernmet.com
As Israelis celebrate the 50th anniversary of the reunification of Jerusalem this week, archaeologists have found evidence of the battle for Jerusalem two millennia ago as they excavate the main thoroughfare leading to the Second Temple before its destruction by the Romans in 70 AD.

The road, about 20 feet below the surface, leads from the Pool of Siloam to the Temple Mount.

Archaeologists believe it could have been built during the reign of Pontius Pilate and would likely have been the route Jesus walked on his way up to the Temple.

"This is probably where Jesus acted and marched during his time," co-director of the excavation, Moran Hagbi, told CBN News. "Now it's opening a new era in the research of Jerusalem."

"Two thousand years after the destruction of Jerusalem and 50 years since its liberation, we are going back to the water cisterns, the market and the city square on the eve of its destructions," the Israel Antiquities Authority quoted them in a press release on Thursday" cbn.com
Shortly after becoming the first man to walk on the moon’s surface in July 1969, Neil Armstrong collected a few scoops of dust and some rocks from the lunar region known as the Sea of Tranquility and placed them in a decontamination bag he stashed in the pocket of his spacesuit.

As the result of a complex chain of events that few could have predicted, the New York auction house Sotheby’s will offer that very same square, zippered pouch, smeared with lunar dust, as part of its Space Exploration sale on July 20, the 48th anniversary of the Apollo 11 landing. According to Sotheby’s, the bag is expected to fetch between $2-4 million. 

About two years ago, the Chicago-area attorney Nancy Lee Carlson was perusing an online auction site when she saw a listing for a bag containing “lunar dust” as part of an auction on behalf of the U.S. Marshals Service.

No one had bid on the item in three previous auctions, and Carlson easily won the lot (which also included several other items) with a bid of $995.

When NASA tested the pouch, they found it definitely contained lunar dust, a fine grey powder resembling graphite. 

In fact, it contained some of the very first moon dust ever collected, by the Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong back in July 1969. history.com
Some of Canada's leading historians say the federal government is putting the country's historical record at risk by hoarding piles of documents inside secret archives that together would make a stack taller than the CN Tower.

Historian Dennis Molinaro of Trent University discovered ministries and agencies are stockpiling millions of decades-old papers rather than handing them over to Library and Archives Canada for safekeeping and public access.

He's launched a petition to try to convince the government to set them free.

The Canadian Historical Association (CHA) has joined his campaign and is calling on the government to mark Canada's 150th anniversary by overhauling the laws on access to government records.

"It's very disturbing that there are caches of documents about which we know very little. We don't even know the extent of this," said CHA president Joan Sangster, a colleague of Molinaro's at Trent in Peterborough, Ont., where she teaches labour and women's history.

As part of his research, Molinaro has been asking government departments to hand over information about Canada's Cold War domestic spy and surveillance programs run by the RCMP. cbc.ca